Our vision is to create a society that is regenerative by design, using natural materials at their highest value that enable a truly Circular Economy
Bioplastics in a Circular Economy
Closing the Loop
Bioplastics are made from biomass, such as green waste from a local farm, directly as a material, or indirectly as energy. The other way round, biomass can be made from degradable bioplastics even if it is contaminated with food and the circle continues.
85 % of every conventional plastic material can be replaced with a bioplastic alternative that decreases GHG emissions and accelerates the transition to a circular economy
Sources of Bioplastics
Vegetable Oils: soy, palm, sunflower, castor, rapeseed oil, etc.
Starch: corn, wheat, potatoes, tapioca, etc. Glucose: sugar cane, beets, etc.
Biomass from Lignocellulose: wood, by-products or waste from agriculture or the timber industry (bagasse, straw, etc.)
Solid Waste: organic waste, sewage, etc.
Microorganism: microalgae, bacteria, fungi, yeast, etc.
Bio-based polymers are made from renewable raw materials that are also used for other purposes, in particular for feeding humans and animals. The proportion used for the production of bioplastics, however, is marginal (approx. 0.02 of the global agricultural area). The bioplastics industry is also adopting the use of non-food crops (2nd and 3rd Generation), such as cellulose and algae or organic waste with a view to its further use to produce bioplastics materials. The even larger growth in the use of biomass feedstock for non-food purposes has demonstrated the technical possibility of producing these materials on a million-ton scale, substituting petrochemical plastics in meaningful quantities.
Recycling of Biomaterials
Bio-based or partially bio-based PE, PET, PP, PVC and biobased nylons, possess properties that are identical to traditional plastics. These bioplastics are called drop-in bioplastics and are technically equivalent to their fossil counterparts; yet, they help to reduce a product’s carbon footprint. These biobased versions will then be able to be recycled in the same way as traditional materials using the existing infrastructure and without affecting the quality of the recycled plastic.
New biomaterials, such as PLA, PHA, Cellulose or starch-based materials offer solutions with completely new funtionalities, such as compostability and in some cases optimised barrier properties. Along with the growth in variety of bioplastic materials, properties, such as flexibility, durability, printability, transperency, barrier, heat resistence, gloss and many more have been significantly enhanced.